The central and state governments in India have started a number of re-skilling initiatives in the last few years. These initiatives have been started in partnership with several big tech companies like IBM, Google, etc. With an eye on re-skilling the youth for future jobs, these initiatives have helped in training of more than 1.5 lakh youth.
Challenges with re-skilling programs
Here’s an example to share the challenges that several of these re-skilling initiatives are facing. The Karnataka government’s Kaushalya Karnataka program was launched 18 months ago to provide skills to the unemployed youth. The state government received 8.95 lakh applications by September 2018. Nearly 47,000 of them were from Bengaluru alone. These candidates are being trained in 650 government accredited training centers across the state.
The Kaushalya Karnataka program had the biggest challenge of shortlisting applicants. Over 40% had applied for aeronautics as it appeared first in alphabetical order. Officers realized the mismatch in the interest and chosen category after the in-person interview with the candidates. The Department of Skill Development, Entrepreneurship, and Livelihood had to tele-counsel the applicants before shortlisting them.
Support from big tech companies like IBM and Google
IBM partnered with the Indian government to design and introduce courses on emerging technologies. The tech firm and the Ministry of Skill Development are planning to launch two new diploma courses to ensure that the next generation of graduates are skilled enough to take up the future challenges at the workplace. The diploma course will be introduced in ITIs in Bengaluru and Hyderabad.
Google has a number of reskilling and training programs in India as well. The company’s reskill India program is designed to teach valuable skills to the young graduates. Google works extensively with the government and skill development ministry on various such initiatives.
Employment for the re-skilled graduates
The biggest challenge for the government and corporate sector alike is finding placements for these young graduates. A majority of candidates register with the hope to get a decent job. The government needs to define a process for these re-skilled graduates to find relevant job opportunities.
Karnataka state government plans to work with shops and commercial establishments to make it compulsory to share job vacancy details with the Skill Development Department. These job vacancies will be shared on the Karnataka government’s website for the benefit of the job seekers.